10 Guns of the Special Forces
Disclaimer: This list is NOT all inclusive. US Special Operations have dozens of firearms at their disposal. This list is just a sampling and is arranged in NO particular order.
The Special Operations Forces Combat Assault Rifle (SCAR) is a modular rifle made by FN Herstal (FNH) for the United States Special Operations Command (SOCOM) to satisfy the requirements of the SCAR competition. This family of rifles consist of two main types. The SCAR-L, for "light", is chambered in the 5.56×45mm NATO cartridge and the SCAR-H, for "heavy", fires 7.62×51mm NATO. Both are available in Long Barrel and Close Quarters Combat variants.
|Action||Gas-operated (short-stroke gas piston), rotating bolt|
|Rate of fire||625 rounds/min|
|Effective firing range||
|Sights||Iron sights or various optics|
The Heckler & Koch MP5 (from German: Maschinenpistole 5, "machine pistol model 5") is a 9mm submachine gun of German design, developed in the 1960s by a team of engineers from the German small arms manufacturer Heckler & Koch GmbH(H&K) of Oberndorf am Neckar. There are over 100 variants of the MP5, including a semi-automatic version.
|Action||Roller-delayed blowback, closed bolt|
|Rate of fire||
|Effective firing range||
|Feed system||15- or 30- round detachable box magazine, 100-round Beta C-Mag drum magazine|
|Sights||Iron sights. Rear: rotary drum; front: hooded post|
The M4 carbine is a family of firearms that was derived from earlier carbine versions of the M16 rifle, which was in turn derived from the original AR-15 rifle that Eugene Stoner designed and ArmaLite manufactured. The M4 is a shorter and lighter variant of the M16A2 assault rifle. It is a gas-operated, magazine-fed, selective fire, shoulder-fired weapon with a telescoping stock and 14.5 in (370 mm) barrel to ease close quarters combat. Like the rest of the M16 family, it fires the .223 caliber, or 5.56 mm NATO round.
|Weight||6.36 lb (2.88 kg) empty
7.5 lb (3.4 kg) with 30 rounds
|Length||33 in (840 mm) (stock extended)
29.75 in (756 mm) (stock retracted)
|Barrel length||14.5 in (370 mm)|
|Action||Gas-operated, rotating bolt (Direct impingement)|
|Rate of fire||700–950 round/min cyclic|
|Muzzle velocity||2,900 ft/s (880 m/s)|
|Effective firing range||500 m for a point target and 600 m for an area target|
|Feed system||30 round box magazine or other STANAG magazines.|
|Sights||Iron or various optics|
HK MK23 SOCOM .45
The Heckler & Koch MK 23, Mk 23 Mod 0, Mark 23, or MARK 23, is a weapon system consisting of a match grade semi-automatic pistol, a laser aiming module (LAM), and suppressor. It was adopted by the United States Special Operations Command (USSOCOM) for special operations units in the 1990s as an offensive handgun. Production began in 1991, and it was the basis for the HK USP, which began production in 1993.
|Barrel length||149.10 mm (5.87 in)|
|Action||Short recoil, DA/SA|
|Rate of fire||Semi-automatic|
|Muzzle velocity||260 m/s (850 ft/s)|
|Effective firing range||50 m|
Detachable box magazine; capacities:
The MP7 is a German Personal Defence Weapon (PDW) manufactured by Heckler & Koch (H&K) and chambered for the HK 4.6×30mm cartridge. It was designed with the new cartridge to meet NATO requirements published in 1989, as these requirements call for a personal defense weapon (PDW) class firearm, with a greater ability to defeat body armor than current weapons limited to conventional pistol cartridges. The MP7 went into production in 2001. It is a direct rival to the FN P90, also developed in response to NATO's requirement. The weapon has been revised since its introduction and the current production version is the MP7A1.
Since ordinary-shaped rounds are inaccurate and have a very short range when used underwater, this pistol fires steel darts about 10 centimeters (3.9 in) long. It has five barrels, each of which is loaded with a cartridge, giving the gun a pepper-box appearance, and it is electrically ignited from a battery pack in the pistol grip. After firing all five cartridges, the barrel unit must be sent back to its manufacturer for reloading. It is very similar to its predecessor, the Mk 1 Underwater Defense Gun. In the past, Heckler & Koch has denied knowledge of its existence.
|Weight||1,200 grams (42 oz) loaded
Battery pack 700 grams (25 oz)
|Length||200 millimetres (7.9 in)|
|Width||60 millimetres (2.4 in)|
|Cartridge||7.62 x 36 mm, about 100 millimetres (3.9 in) long, miniature solid-fuelled rocket with fins|
|Effective range||30 metres (98 ft) in air,
10 to 15 metres (33 to 49 ft) underwater
|Feed system||5 rounds, each in a barrel|
|Sights||14.6 centimetres (5.7 in) between sights|
Remington Model 870 Shotgun
The Remington Model 870 is a U.S.-made pump-action shotgun manufactured by Remington Arms Company, LLC. It is widely used by the public for sport shooting, hunting, and self-defense. It is also commonly used by law enforcement and military organizations worldwide.
|Weight||7.0 lb (3.2 kg) to 8.0 lb (3.6 kg)|
|Length||37.25 in (946 mm) to 50.5 in (1,280 mm)|
|Barrel length||18 in (460 mm) to 30 in (760 mm)|
|Cartridge||12 gauge, 16 gauge, 20 gauge, 28 gauge, or .410 bore|
|Feed system||4+1 to 7+1 round internal tube magazine|
|Sights||Bead, twin bead, adjustable open sights, or ghost ring (all iron sights). Also cantilever and receiver-mounts for scopes|
AK-47 Assault Rifle
The AK 47 is a selective-fire, gas-operated 7.62×39mm assault rifle, first developed in the Soviet Union by Mikhail Kalashnikov. US Special Operations Command has the AK 47 in the inventory for a variety of missions. It is one of the most reliable weapons ever made and makes for a great choice when having to swim a weapon over the beach. Even after six decades the model and its variants remain the most popular and widely used assault rifles in the world because of their substantial reliability even under harsh conditions, low production costs compared to contemporary Western weapons, availability in virtually every geographic region and ease of use.
|Action||Gas-operated, rotating bolt|
|Rate of fire||Cyclic 600 rounds/min, practical
40 rounds/min semi-automatic
100 rounds/min fully automatic
|Muzzle velocity||715 m/s (2,350 ft/s)|
|Effective firing range||400 metres (440 yd) semi-auto
300 metres (330 yd) full auto
|Feed system||Standard magazine capacity is 30 rounds; there are also 5- 10-, 20- and 40-round box and 75- and 100-round drum magazines|
|Sights||Adjustable iron sights with a 378 mm (14.9 in) sight radius:
100–800 m adjustments (AK)
100–1000 m adjustments (AKM)
Barrett M82 Anti-Material Rifle
The M82 is a recoil-operated, semi-automatic anti-materiel rifle developed by the American Barrett Firearms Manufacturing company. A heavy SASR (Special Application Scoped Rifle), it is used by many units and armies around the world. It is also called the "Light Fifty" for its .50 BMG (12.7×99mm NATO) chambering. The weapon is found in two variants, the original M82A1 (and A3) and the bullpup M82A2. The M82A2 is no longer manufactured, though the XM500 can be seen as its successor.
|Action||Recoil-operated, rotating bolt|
|Muzzle velocity||853 m/s (2,799 ft/s)|
|Effective range||1,800 m (1,969 yd)|
|Feed system||10-round detachable box magazine|
|Sights||Fixed front, adjustable rear sight; MIL-STD-1913 rail provided for optics|
M249 Light Machine Gun
The M249 light machine gun (LMG), previously designated the M249 Squad Automatic Weapon (SAW), and formally written as Light Machine Gun, 5.56 mm, M249, is the American adaptation of the Belgian FN Minimi, a light machine gun manufactured by the Belgian company FN Herstal (FN). The M249 is manufactured in the United States by the local subsidiary FN Manufacturing LLC in South Carolina and is widely used in the U.S. Armed Forces. The weapon was introduced in 1984 after being judged the most effective of a number of candidate weapons to address the lack of automatic firepower in small units. The M249 provides infantry squads with the heavy volume of fire of a machine gun combined with accuracy and portability approaching that of a rifle.
|Weight||7.5 kg (17 lb) empty,
10 kg (22 lb) loaded
|Length||40.75 in (1,035 mm)|
|Barrel length||465 mm (18 in)|
|Cartridge||5.56×45 mm NATO|
|Action||Gas-operated, open bolt|
|Rate of fire||Sustained rate of fire: 50 RPM
Rapid rate of fire: 100 RPM
Cyclic rate of fire: 775 RPM
|Muzzle velocity||915 m/s (3,000 ft/s)|
|Effective range||800 m (870 yd) (point target)
3,600 m (3,940 yd) (maximum range)
|Feed system||M27 linked belt, STANAG magazine|