Military: Angola

Military branches:

Angolan Armed Forces (Forcas Armadas Angolanas, FAA): Army, Navy (Marinha de Guerra Angola, MGA), Angolan National Air Force (Forca Aerea Nacional Angolana, FANA; under operational control of the Army) (2012)

Military service age and obligation:

20-45 years of age for compulsory male and 18-45 years for voluntary male military service (registration at age 18 is mandatory); 20-45 years of age for voluntary female service; conscript service obligation - 2 years; Angolan citizenship required; the Navy (MGA) is entirely staffed with volunteers (2013)

Manpower available for military service:

males age 16-49: 3,062,438

females age 16-49: 2,964,262 (2010 est.)

Manpower fit for military service:

males age 16-49: 1,546,781

females age 16-49: 1,492,308 (2010 est.)

Manpower reaching militarily significant age annually:

male: 155,476

female: 152,054 (2010 est.)

Military expenditures:

3% of GDP (2012)

country comparison to the world:  40   

Transnational Issues:  Angola

Disputes - international:

Democratic Republic of Congo accuses Angola of shifting monuments

Refugees and internally displaced persons:

refugees (country of origin): 20,740 (Democratic Republic of Congo) (2012)

IDPs: 19,500 (27-year civil war ending in 2002) (2005)

Trafficking in persons:

current situation: Angola is a source and destination country for men, women, and children subjected to sex trafficking and forced labor in agriculture, construction, domestic service, and diamond mines; some Angolan girls are forced into domestic prostitution, while some Angolan boys are taken to Namibia as forced laborers or are forced to be cross-border couriers; women and children are also forced into domestic service in South Africa, the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Namibia, and European countries; Vietnamese, Brazilian, and Chinese women are trafficked to Angola for prostitution, while Chinese, Southeast Asian, Namibian, and possibly Congolese migrants are subjected to forced labor in Angola's construction industry

tier rating: Tier 2 Watch List - Angola does not fully comply with the minimum standards for the elimination of trafficking; however, it is making significant efforts to do so; authorities opened one internal labor trafficking investigation but have not initiated the prosecution of any trafficking offenders, has never convicted a trafficking offender, and does not have a law specifically prohibiting all forms of trafficking; the government has not adopted amendments to the penal code reflecting the 2010 constitutional provision prohibiting human trafficking and has not finalized draft anti-trafficking legislation; the government has made minimal efforts to protect trafficking victims but continues to lack a systematic process for identifying trafficking victims and providing legal remedies to victims (2013)

Illicit drugs:

used as a transshipment point for cocaine destined for Western Europe and other African states, particularly South Africa