Military: Azerbaijan

Military branches:

Army, Navy, Air, and Air Defense Forces (2010)

Military service age and obligation:

men between 18 and 35 are liable for military service; length of service is 18 months and 12 months for university graduates; 17 years of age for voluntary service; 17 year olds are considered to be on active service at cadet military schools (2012)

Manpower available for military service:

males age 16-49: 2,354,249

females age 16-49: 2,334,632 (2010 est.)

Manpower fit for military service:

males age 16-49: 1,773,993

females age 16-49: 1,964,012 (2010 est.)

Manpower reaching militarily significant age annually:

male: 76,923

female: 71,024 (2010 est.)

Military expenditures:

country comparison to the world:  51   

Transnational Issues:  Azerbaijan

Disputes - international:

Azerbaijan, Kazakhstan, and Russia ratified the Caspian seabed delimitation treaties based on equidistance, while Iran continues to insist on a one-fifth slice of the sea; the dispute over the break-away Nagorno-Karabakh region and the Armenian military occupation of surrounding lands in Azerbaijan remains the primary focus of regional instability; residents have evacuated the former Soviet-era small ethnic enclaves in Armenia and Azerbaijan; local border forces struggle to control the illegal transit of goods and people across the porous, undemarcated Armenian, Azerbaijani, and Georgian borders; bilateral talks continue with Turkmenistan on dividing the seabed and contested oilfields in the middle of the Caspian

Refugees and internally displaced persons:

IDPs: 600,000 (conflict with Armenia over Nagorno-Karabakh) (2013)

Illicit drugs:

limited illicit cultivation of cannabis and opium poppy, mostly for CIS consumption; small government eradication program; transit point for Southwest Asian opiates bound for Russia and to a lesser extent the rest of Europe