Military: Bangladesh

Military branches:

Bangladesh Defense Force: Bangladesh Army (Sena Bahini), Bangladesh Navy (Noh Bahini, BN), Bangladesh Air Force (Biman Bahini, BAF) (2013)

Military service age and obligation:

16-19 years of age for voluntary military service; Bangladeshi birth and 10th grade education required; initial obligation 15 years (2012)

Manpower available for military service:

males age 16-49: 36,520,491 (2010 est.)

Manpower fit for military service:

males age 16-49: 30,486,086

females age 16-49: 35,616,093 (2010 est.)

Manpower reaching militarily significant age annually:

male: 1,606,963

female: 1,689,442 (2010 est.)

Military expenditures:

country comparison to the world:  106   

Transnational Issues: Bangladesh

Disputes - international:

Bangladesh referred its maritime boundary claims with Burma and India to the International Tribunal on the Law of the Sea; Indian Prime Minister Singh's September 2011 visit to Bangladesh resulted in the signing of a Protocol to the 1974 Land Boundary Agreement between India and Bangladesh, which had called for the settlement of longstanding boundary disputes over undemarcated areas and the exchange of territorial enclaves, but which had never been implemented; Bangladesh struggles to accommodate 29,000 Rohingya, Burmese Muslim minority from Arakan State, living as refugees in Cox's Bazar; Burmese border authorities are constructing a 200 km (124 mi) wire fence designed to deter illegal cross-border transit and tensions from the military build-up along border

Refugees and internally displaced persons:

refugees (country of origin): 230,674 (Burma) (2012)

IDPs: undetermined (land conflicts, religious persecution) (2012)

Illicit drugs:

transit country for illegal drugs produced in neighboring countries