Military: Bhutan

Military branches:

Royal Bhutan Army (includes Royal Bodyguard and Royal Bhutan Police) (2009)

Military service age and obligation:

18 years of age for voluntary military service; no conscription; militia training is compulsory for males aged 20-25, over a 3-year period (2012)

Manpower available for military service:

males age 16-49: 202,407

females age 16-49: 180,349 (2010 est.)

Manpower fit for military service:

males age 16-49: 157,664

females age 16-49: 144,861 (2010 est.)

Manpower reaching militarily significant age annually:

male: 7,363

female: 7,095 (2010 est.)

Military expenditures:

1% of GDP (2005 est.)

country comparison to the world:  125   

Transnational Issues: Bhutan

Disputes - international:

lacking any treaty describing the boundary, Bhutan and China continue negotiations to establish a common boundary alignment to resolve territorial disputes arising from substantial cartographic discrepancies, the largest of which lie in Bhutan's northwest and along the Chumbi salient