Military:  Finland

Military branches:

Finnish Defense Forces (FDF): Army (Puolustusvoimat), Navy (Merivoimat; includes Coastal Defense Forces), Air Force (Ilmavoimat) (2013)

Military service age and obligation:

18 years of age for male voluntary and compulsory - and female voluntary - national military and nonmilitary service; service obligation 6-12 months; military obligation to age 60 (2012)

Manpower available for military service:

males age 16-49: 1,155,368

females age 16-49: 1,106,193 (2010 est.)

Manpower fit for military service:

males age 16-49: 955,151

females age 16-49: 912,983 (2010 est.)

Manpower reaching militarily significant age annually:

male: 32,599

female: 31,416 (2010 est.)

Military expenditures:

2% of GDP (2005 est.)

country comparison to the world: 66

Transnational Issues:  Finland

Disputes - international:

various groups in Finland advocate restoration of Karelia and other areas ceded to the Soviet Union, but the Finnish Government asserts no territorial demands

Refugees and internally displaced persons:

stateless persons: 2,017 (2012)