Military:  Greece

Military branches:

Hellenic Army (Ellinikos Stratos, ES), Hellenic Navy (Elliniko Polemiko Navtiko, EPN), Hellenic Air Force (Elliniki Polemiki Aeroporia, EPA) (2013)

Military service age and obligation:

19-45 years of age for compulsory military service; during wartime the law allows for recruitment beginning January of the year of inductee's 18th birthday, thus including 17 year olds; 18 years of age for volunteers; conscript service obligation is 1 year for all services; women are eligible for voluntary military service (2012)

Manpower available for military service:

males age 16-49: 2,485,389

females age 16-49: 2,469,854 (2010 est.)

Manpower fit for military service:

males age 16-49: 2,032,378

females age 16-49: 2,016,552 (2010 est.)

Manpower reaching militarily significant age annually:

male: 52,754

female: 49,485 (2010 est.)

Military expenditures:

country comparison to the world: 23

Transnational Issues:  Greece

Disputes - international:

Greece and Turkey continue discussions to resolve their complex maritime, air, territorial, and boundary disputes in the Aegean Sea; Greece rejects the use of the name Macedonia or Republic of Macedonia; the mass migration of unemployed Albanians still remains a problem for developed countries, chiefly Greece and Italy

Refugees and internally displaced persons:

stateless persons: 154 (2012)

Illicit drugs:

a gateway to Europe for traffickers smuggling cannabis and heroin from the Middle East and Southwest Asia to the West and precursor chemicals to the East; some South American cocaine transits or is consumed in Greece; money laundering related to drug trafficking and organized crime