Military:  Ireland

Military branches:

Irish Defense Forces (Oglaigh na h-Eireannn), Permanent Defence Force: Army, Naval Service, Air Corps (2012)

Military service age and obligation:

17-25 years of age for male and female voluntary military service (17-27 years of age for the Naval Service); enlistees 16 years of age can be recruited for apprentice specialist positions; 17-35 years of age for the Reserve Defense Forces (RDF); maximum obligation 12 years (5 years IDF, 7 years RDF); EU citizenship or 5-year residence in Ireland required (2012)

Manpower available for military service:

males age 16-49: 1,179,125

females age 16-49: 1,163,728 (2010 est.)

Manpower fit for military service:

males age 16-49: 977,631

females age 16-49: 965,900 (2010 est.)

Manpower reaching militarily significant age annually:

male: 28,564

female: 27,197 (2010 est.)

Military expenditures:

country comparison to the world: 136

Transnational Issues:  Ireland

Disputes - international:

Ireland, Iceland, and the UK dispute Denmark's claim that the Faroe Islands' continental shelf extends beyond 200 nm

Refugees and internally displaced persons:

stateless persons: 73 (2012)

Illicit drugs:

transshipment point for and consumer of hashish from North Africa to the UK and Netherlands and of European-produced synthetic drugs; increasing consumption of South American cocaine; minor transshipment point for heroin and cocaine destined for Western Europe; despite recent legislation, narcotics-related money laundering - using bureaux de change, trusts, and shell companies involving the offshore financial community - remains a concern