Military branches:

Royal Netherlands Army, Royal Netherlands Navy (includes Naval Air Service and Marine Corps), Royal Netherlands Air Force (Koninklijke Luchtmacht, KLu), Royal Military Police (2012)

Military service age and obligation:

17 years of age for an all-volunteer force (2012)

Manpower available for military service:

males age 16-49: 3,911,098

females age 16-49: 3,817,031 (2010 est.)

Manpower fit for military service:

males age 16-49: 3,201,328

females age 16-49: 3,122,889 (2010 est.)

Manpower reaching militarily significant age annually:

male: 103,462

female: 98,383 (2010 est.)

Military expenditures:

country comparison to the world: 92

Transnational Issues:  NETHERLANDS

Disputes - international:


Refugees and internally displaced persons:

refugees (country of origin): 18,255 (Iraq); 15,715 (Somalia); 5,697 (Afghanistan) (2012)

stateless persons: 2,005 (2012)

Illicit drugs:

major European producer of synthetic drugs, including ecstasy, and cannabis cultivator; important gateway for cocaine, heroin, and hashish entering Europe; major source of US-bound ecstasy; large financial sector vulnerable to money laundering; significant consumer of ecstasy