Military:  NICARAGUA

Military branches:

National Army of Nicaragua (Ejercito Nacional de Nicaragua, ENN; includes Navy, Air Force) (2013)

Military service age and obligation:

18-30 years of age for voluntary military service; no conscription; tour of duty 18-36 months; requires Nicaraguan nationality and 6th-grade education (2012)

Manpower available for military service:

males age 16-49: 1,452,107

females age 16-49: 1,552,698 (2010 est.)

Manpower fit for military service:

males age 16-49: 1,227,757

females age 16-49: 1,335,653 (2010 est.)

Manpower reaching militarily significant age annually:

male: 69,093

female: 67,522 (2010 est.)

Military expenditures:

country comparison to the world: 144

Transnational Issues:  NICARAGUA

Disputes - international:

the 1992 ICJ ruling for El Salvador and Honduras advised a tripartite resolution to establish a maritime boundary in the Gulf of Fonseca, which considers Honduran access to the Pacific; legal dispute over navigational rights of San Juan River on border with Costa Rica

Illicit drugs:

transshipment point for cocaine destined for the US and transshipment point for arms-for-drugs dealing