Military:  PORTUGAL

Military branches:

Portuguese Army (Exercito Portuguesa), Portuguese Navy (Marinha Portuguesa; includes Marine Corps), Portuguese Air Force (Forca Aerea Portuguesa, FAP) (2013)

Military service age and obligation:

18-30 years of age for voluntary military service; no compulsory military service, but conscription possible if insufficient volunteers available; women serve in the armed forces, on naval ships since 1993, but are prohibited from serving in some combatant specialties; reserve obligation to age 35 (2012)

Manpower available for military service:

males age 16-49: 2,566,264

females age 16-49: 2,458,297 (2010 est.)

Manpower fit for military service:

males age 16-49: 2,103,080

females age 16-49: 2,018,004 (2010 est.)

Manpower reaching militarily significant age annually:

male: 62,208

female: 54,786 (2010 est.)

Military expenditures:

country comparison to the world: 61

Transnational Issues:  PORTUGAL

Disputes - international:

Portugal does not recognize Spanish sovereignty over the territory of Olivenza based on a difference of interpretation of the 1815 Congress of Vienna and the 1801 Treaty of Badajoz

Refugees and internally displaced persons:

stateless persons: 553 (2012)

Illicit drugs:

seizing record amounts of Latin American cocaine destined for Europe; a European gateway for Southwest Asian heroin; transshipment point for hashish from North Africa to Europe; consumer of Southwest Asian heroin