Military:  ROMANIA

Military branches:

Land Forces, Naval Forces (Fortele Naval, FN), Romanian Air Force (Fortele Aeriene Romane, FAR) (2013)

Military service age and obligation:

20-35 years of age for compulsory male military service; conscription ended 2006, but military service remains mandatory; 18 years of age for male and female voluntary service; all military inductees (including women) contract for an initial 5-year term of service, with subsequent successive 3-year terms until age 36 (2012)

Manpower available for military service:

males age 16-49: 5,601,234

females age 16-49: 5,428,939 (2010 est.)

Manpower fit for military service:

males age 16-49: 4,550,409

females age 16-49: 4,507,880 (2010 est.)

Manpower reaching militarily significant age annually:

male: 117,798

female: 111,607 (2010 est.)

Military expenditures:

country comparison to the world: 74

Transnational Issues:  ROMANIA

Disputes - international:

the ICJ ruled largely in favor of Romania in its dispute submitted in 2004 over Ukrainian-administered Zmiyinyy/Serpilor (Snake) Island and Black Sea maritime boundary delimitation; Romania opposes Ukraine's reopening of a navigation canal from the Danube border through Ukraine to the Black Sea

Refugees and internally displaced persons:

stateless persons: 248 (2012)

Illicit drugs:

major transshipment point for Southwest Asian heroin transiting the Balkan route and small amounts of Latin American cocaine bound for Western Europe; although not a significant financial center, role as a narcotics conduit leaves it vulnerable to laundering, which occurs via the banking system, currency exchange houses, and casinos