Military:  SENEGAL

Military branches:

Senegalese Armed Forces: Army, Senegalese National Navy (Marine Senegalaise, MNS), Senegalese Air Force (Armee de l'Air du Senegal) (2013)

Military service age and obligation:

18 years of age for voluntary military service; 20 years of age for selective conscript service; service obligation is 2 years; women have been accepted into military service since 2008 (2013)

Manpower available for military service:

males age 16-49: 2,699,196

females age 16-49: 3,018,565 (2010 est.)

Manpower fit for military service:

males age 16-49: 1,788,493

females age 16-49: 2,133,370 (2010 est.)

Manpower reaching militarily significant age annually:

male: 145,509

female: 145,064 (2010 est.)

Military expenditures:

country comparison to the world: 89

Transnational Issues:  SENEGAL

Disputes - international:

The Gambia and Guinea-Bissau attempt to stem separatist violence, cross border raids, and arms smuggling into their countries from Senegal's Casamance region, and in 2006, respectively accepted 6,000 and 10,000 Casamance residents fleeing the conflict; 2,500 Guinea-Bissau residents fled into Senegal in 2006 to escape armed confrontations along the border

Refugees and internally displaced persons:

refugees (country of origin): 13,702 (Mauritania) (2012)

IDPs: 10,000-40,000 (clashes between government troops and separatists in Casamance region) (2012)

Illicit drugs:

transshipment point for Southwest and Southeast Asian heroin and South American cocaine moving to Europe and North America; illicit cultivator of cannabis