Military:  TIMOR-LESTE

Military branches:

Timor-Leste Defense Force (Falintil-Forcas de Defesa de Timor-L'este, Falintil (F-FDTL)): Army, Navy (Armada) (2013)

Military service age and obligation:

18 years of age for voluntary military service; 18-month service obligation; no conscription but, as of May 2013, introduction of conscription was under discussion (2013)

Manpower available for military service:

males age 16-49: 305,643

females age 16-49: 293,052 (2010 est.)

Manpower fit for military service:

males age 16-49: 243,120

females age 16-49: 251,061 (2010 est.)

Manpower reaching militarily significant age annually:

male: 12,737

female: 12,389 (2010 est.)

Military expenditures:


Transnational Issues:  TIMOR-LESTE

Disputes - international:

three stretches of land borders with Timor-Leste have yet to be delimited, two of which are in the Oecussi exclave area, and no maritime or Economic Exclusion Zone boundaries have been established between the countries; maritime boundaries with Indonesia remain unresolved; many refugees who left Timor-Leste in 2003 still reside in Indonesia and refuse repatriation; in 2007, Australia and Timor-Leste signed a 50-year development zone and revenue sharing agreement in lieu of a maritime boundary

Illicit drugs: