Military:  TOGO

Military branches:

Togolese Armed Forces (Forces Armees Togolaise, FAT): Togolese Army (l'Armee de Terre), Togolese Navy (Forces Naval Togolaises), Togolese Air Force (Force Aerienne Togolaise, TAF), National Gendarmerie (2013)

Military service age and obligation:

18 years of age for compulsory and voluntary military service; 2-year service obligation (2012)

Manpower available for military service:

males age 16-49: 1,577,572

females age 16-49: 1,589,715 (2010 est.)

Manpower fit for military service:

males age 16-49: 1,104,536

females age 16-49: 1,158,061 (2010 est.)

Manpower reaching militarily significant age annually:

male: 74,036

female: 73,515 (2010 est.)

Military expenditures:

country comparison to the world: 69

Transnational Issues:  TOGO

Disputes - international:

in 2001, Benin claimed Togo moved boundary monuments - joint commission continues to resurvey the boundary; in 2006, 14,000 Togolese refugees remain in Benin and Ghana out of the 40,000 who fled there in 2005; talks continue between Benin and Togo on funding the Adjrala hydroelectric dam on the Mona River

Refugees and internally displaced persons:

refugees (country of origin): 17,371 (Ghana); 5,593 (Cote d'Ivoire) (2012)

IDPs: undetermined (2012)

Illicit drugs:

transit hub for Nigerian heroin and cocaine traffickers; money laundering not a significant problem